Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black with the national emblem (a shield superimposed on a golden eagle facing the hoist side above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Yemen, which has a plain white band; also similar to the flag of Syria, which has two green stars, and to the flag of Iraq, which has three green stars (plus an Arabic inscription) in a horizontal line centered in the white band.
27 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah): Ad Daqahliyah, Al Bahr al Ahmar (Red Sea), Al Buhayrah (El Beheira), Al Fayyum (El Faiyum), Al Gharbiyah, Al Iskandariyah (Alexandria), Al Isma'iliyah (Ismailia), Al Jizah (Giza), Al Minufiyah (El Monofia), Al Minya, Al Qahirah (Cairo), Al Qalyubiyah, Al Uqsur (Luxor), Al Wadi al Jadid (New Valley), As Suways (Suez), Ash Sharqiyah, Aswan, Asyut, Bani Suwayf (Beni Suef), Bur Sa'id (Port Said), Dumyat (Damietta), Janub Sina' (South Sinai), Kafr ash Shaykh, Matruh (Western Desert), Qina (Qena), Shamal Sina' (North Sinai), Suhaj (Sohag).
Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes
27° 00' N, 30° 00' E
1,001,450 sq. km
995,450 sq. km
6,000 sq. km
Total land boundaries:
Borders with neighbor countries:
Gaza Strip 11 km, Israel 266 km, Libya 1,115 km, Sudan 1,273 km
Qattara Depression -133 m - Mount Catherine 2,629 m
Internet country code:
Egyptian pound (EGP)
Name - conventional long form:
Arab Republic of Egypt
Name - conventional short form:
Name - local long form:
Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah Misr
United Arab Republic (with Syria)
28 February 1922 (from UK)
11 September 1971 Suspended by the military caretaker government 13 February 2011 and a new provisional constitution adopted 30 March 2011.